2.2 Text Questions :
Answer the Questions briefly :
1) What are the three components of a map?
Ans: The three components of a map are distance, direction and symbols.
2) What are the four cardinal directions?
Ans: The four cardinal directions are north , south, east and west.
3) What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?
Ans: It is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown in the map. There are two types of maps based on the scale – big and small.
4) How are maps more helpful than a globe?
Ans: A map is a drawing of the earth’s surface or part of it drawn on a flat surface according to scale. It is impossible to flatten a round shape and scale it so a map is more helpful than a globe.
5) Distinguish between a Map and a Plan.
a) A map is a drawing of the earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to scale.it gives detailed information about a large portion of the earth.
b) A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale. It gives confirmed information about a certain small area.
6) Which map provides detailed information?
Ans: Large scale maps provide detailed information.
7) How do symbols help in reading maps?
Ans: Symbols represent roads, bridges, trees, railway lines, through certain letters, shades or colours , pictures and lines. So symbols are a convenient means of reading a map.
Tick the correct answers :
a) Maps showing distribution of forests are ___________ .
i) Physical map ii) Thematic map √ iii) Political map
b) The blue colour is used for showing ____________ .
i) Water bodies √ ii) Mountains iii) Plains
c) A compass is used _____________ .
i) To show symbol ii) To find the main direction √ iii) To measure distance
d) A scale is necessary __________ .
i) For a map √ ii) For a sketch iii) For symbols
e) Which one is not a component of a map ____________ .
i) Direction ii) Symbol iii) Scale √ iv) Distance
f) Brown colour is used for showing __________ .
i) Rivers ii) Plateaus iii) Plains iv) Mountains √
g) A physical map has ____________ .
i) natural features of the earth √ ii) distribution of forest iii) different countries
h) Which one is not an intermediate direction _________ .
i) North east ii) North west iii) West √ iv) South east
a) Thematic map b) Water bodies c) To find main direction d) For a map
e) Scale f) Mountains g) Natural features of the earth h) West .