1. Which was the first domesticated animal by the early man.
Ans : The first domesticated animal by the early man was the wild ancestor of the dog.
2. Discuss in the short ‘the beginning of farming’.
Ans : Farming developed as a result of the climate change of the world. People observed plants and how they grow. Gradually they also started growing crops.
3. When did domestication start. Write the names of the earliest domesticated plants and animals.
Ans : Domestication began about 12000 years ago. It was a gradual process that took place in many parts of the world. Some of the earliest plants to be domesticated were wheat and barley. The earliest domesticated animals include sheep and goat.
4. Where did the people stored the grains.
Ans : They began making large clay pots, or wove baskets, or dug pits into the ground to store grains.
5. Discuss in brief stone tools used by the people in Neolithic.
Ans : Stone tools of new stone age.
(1) Stones have been found from many sites related with the new stone age. Many of these are different from the earlier Palaeolithic tools.
(2) Stone tools of this stage of Stone Age include tools that were polished to give a fine cutting edge, and mortars and pestles used for gridding grain and other plat produce.
(3) At the same time, tools of the Palaeolithic types continued to be made and used. Some tools were also made of bone.
Define the following :
1) Domestication – Domestication means taming of animals for various purposes.
2) Fossil wood – Fossil wood is the ancient wood that has been hardened into stone.
3) Neolithic – The part of history after about 10000 years ago is referred to as the Neolithic age.
Fill in the blanks:
(1) Grains like wheat and barley have been found in Mehrgarh.
(2) Pit houses were made in Burzahom.
(3) The first animal to be tamed was the wild ancestor dog.
(4) Ancient wood that has hardened into stones is called fossil wood.
(5) Remains of square or rectangular houses have been found in Mehrgarh.
Write the correct answers :
(1) Archaelogists have found levels having Cattle bones .
(a) Bones of wild animals (b) Cattle bones
(c) Bones of wild ancestor (d) Bones of sheep and goat.
(2) Sheep and goat are more comfortable in dry, hilly environments.
(a) Cattle (b) ancestor dog
(c) Sheep and goat (d) pigs
(3) Palaeolithic tools were still made and used in Neolithic age.
(a) Palaeolithic (b) Mesolithic
(c) Oldowan (d) Microliths
(4) Farming developed as a result of the Climate change .
(a) people changed (b) tools
(c) climate change (d) tribes
(5) Many farmers and herders lived in groups, which were called tribes .
(a) Hunter – gatherers (b) tribes
(c) habitation (d) skilled gatherers