1.  Match the following :

(a) Stupa (1) Place where the image of the deity is installed
(b) Shikhara (2) Mound
(c) Mandapa (3) Circular path around the stupa.
(d) Garbhagriha (4) Place in temple where people could assemble
(e) Pradakshina patha (5) Tower

Answers :
(a) – (2),    (b) – (5),     (c) – (4),      (d) – (1),       (e) – (3).

2.  Fill in the blanks :

(a) Aryabhatta was a great astronomer.

(b) Stories about God and Goddesses are found in the epics.

(c) Valmiki is recognised as the author of the Sanskrit Ramayana.

(d) Silappadikaram and Manimekalai are two Tamil epics.


3.  Make a list of chapters in which you find mention of metal working .What are the metals objects mentioned or shown in those chapters.
Ans :

List of chapters in which we find mention of metal working  Name of the metal objects mentioned in the chapters
(1) In the Earliest cities  Copper, gold, silver
(2)What books and burials tell us Iron , gold
(3) Vital, villages and thriving  towns Iron tools
(4) Traders ,Kings and pilgrims Gold
(5) Buildings , Paintings and books Iron , gold


4.  Read the story on page 130. In what ways is the monkey king similar to or different from the kings you read about in chapters 6 and 11.
Ans :
  The monkey king was a great king, who lived on the banks of Ganga river in the Himalayas. He was having 80000 followers. They fed on the fruit of a special mango tree. The kings we have read about in chapter 6 and in 11, they used to have permanent armies. They ate wheat, rice etc. They occupied the highest position in the society.

5.  Find out more and tell a story from one of the epics.
Ans : 
The Ramayana is the epic written by Adi Rishi Valmiki. It tells us the story of Lord Rama, a prince of Kosala, who was sent into exile for fourteen years. His wife Sita was adopted by the king of Lanka, named Ravana, and how Rama had to fight a battle to get her back. He won and returned to Ayodhya, the capital of Kosala after his victory.

6.  List some steps that can be taken to make buildings and monuments accessible to differently abled people.
Ans :
  The steps can be taken to make buildings and monuments accessible to differently abled people are
(1) There should be facility of ramps.
(2) There should be a slope way with proper railings.
(3) Separate entry should be provided with proper space and light.
(4) If possible there should be a lift.

7.  Try and list as many uses of paper as you can.
Ans : 
Paper can be used in different ways.
(1) Books made of paper are used to read and write.
(2) Gifts are wrapped with different coloured papers.
(3) Paper is used for packing material we purchase in market.
(4) Paper is used to make craft items as kite, plane, boat etc.
(5) Paper in the form of newspaper is used to spread news.

8.  If you could visit any one of the places described in this chapter, which would you choose and why.
Ans :
  I would like to visit the Iron Pillar at Mehrauli, Delhi, it is a remarkable example of the skill of Indian crafts person. I would like to visit this pillar as it has not rusted in all these years.