A. Answer the following questions:-
i. Where was Kalpana Chawla born? Why is she called an Indian American?
Ans: Kalpana Chawla was born in Karnal, Haryana. She was called Indian American because neutralized American citizen..
ii. When and why did she go to the U.S? Who did she marry?
She went to America after completing her Bachelors degree in aeronautical engineering as she wanted to do her Master’s degree in aeronautical engineering in America.
iii. How did she become an astronaut? What gave her the idea that she could be an astronaut?
She became an astronaut by earning her Ph.D in aerospace engineering and was selected by NASA. She could fly single and multi engine land airplanes and sea planes and gliders.
iv. What abilities must an astronaut have, according to the journalist?
According to the journalist you need to know a lot of everything, from biology to astrophysics to aeronautical engineering. You must have encyclopaedic knowledge also.
v. Describe Kalpana Chawla’s first mission in space?
Her first shuttle mission in space Columbia was for 15 days. She went 252 times round the earth. It had a Japanese and Ukranian crew.
vi. What does Kalpana Chawla say about pursuing a dream? Do you agree with her that success is possible?
She said that the path from dreams to success does exist. We should have the vision to find it and the courage to get onto it. Yes I agree with her that success is possible.
vii. What did the Columbia crew do in the space shuttle?
They performed experiments such as pollinating plant to observe food growth in space and tests for making stronger metals and faster computer chips.
Read the newspaper report to find the Following are facts about the Columbia’s ill fated voyage.
Date and place of lift off:
Number of astronauts on board:
Number of days it stayed in space:
Number of experiments done by scientists:
Date of return journey:
Height at which it lost contact:
Date and place of lift off: 16th January 2003 at Kennedy Space centre . Florida.
Number of astronauts on board: seven crew.
Number of days it stayed in space: 16 days.
Number of experiments done by scientists: 80 experiments.
Date of return journey: 3rd February 2003.
Height at which it lost contact: 200,000 feet.
Match the following:-
Unprecedented space tragedy something that causes feelings of respect and wonder.
Certified flight instructor having knowledge of a wide variety of subjects.
Space mission nowadays in these times.
Super specialization a set of jobs to be done in Space by a group.
Encyclopaedic knowledge a person with the correct qualification to teach people to fly planes.
Awe-inspiring a sad accident of a kind that has never happened before in space.
In this age great expertise in a limited field or a particular subject.
1. Unprecedented space tragedy —a sad accident of a kind that has never happened before in space.
2. Certified flight instructor—a person with the correct qualification to teach people to fly planes.
3. Space mission —a set of jobs to be done in space by a group.
4. Super specialization—great expertise in a limited field or a particular subject.
5. Encyclopaedic knowledge— having knowledge of a wide variety of subjects.
6. Awe-inspiring —- something that causes feelings of respect and wonder.
7. In this age— nowadays , in these times.
Use these phrases in sentences of your own , after finding their meanings:-
1. Broke apart – broken.
The plane broke apart when it crashed.
2. Streaked over—broke apart.
As the engine failed, the plane streaked over while landing.
3. Spread across –all over
The grass had spread across the garden.
4. Lifted off — took off
The space shuttle lifted off to space.
5. Blast off— took off very fast.
The space shuttle blasted off from the space station.
6. Went on – continued
She went on to do further studies abroad.
7. Cheered along — encourage with clapping and clapping.
The crowd cheered along when she ran for the race.
8. On board —- to be inside a plane or ship.
The plane started after all passengers were on board.
9. Carry on —- continue
She encouraged her daughter to carry on studying further.
Add ‘un’ – to the words below to make their opposites.
Then give the meanings of those opposite words.
Words opposites Meanings
Identified unidentified— cannot make out
Controlled uncontrolled — cannot control.
Attended unattended — left all alone.
Successful unsuccessful — not got result.
Important unimportant — not of any value.
Educated uneducated — not studied
Interesting uninteresting —- not holding attention
Qualified unqualified —- not suitable
Trained untrained — not learnt the art.
Answerable unanswerable — not answer.
Fill in the blanks:-