1. Match the columns:

(a) Sukta (1) Stone boulder
(b) chariots (2) Sacrifice
(c) Yajna (3) well – said
(d) Dasa (4) used in battles
(e) Megalith (5) slave

Answers :
(a) – (3) ,    (b) – (4) ,    (c) – (2) ,   (d) – (5) ,    (e) – (1) .

2.  Complete the sentences:

(a) Slaves were used for __________.

(b) Megaliths are found in __________.

(c) Stone circles or boulders on the surface were used to __________.

 (d) Port holes were used for _____________.

 (e) People at Inamgaon ate____________.

 Answers :
(a) Work
(b) Deccan ,South India, north – east  and Kashmir.
(c) indicate the exact place of burial.
(d) burying the other members of the same family at the same place.
(e) wheat, barley, rice, pulses, millets, peas, sesame etc.

3.  In what ways are the books we read today different from the Rigveda:
Ans :

               Books of Rigveda                      Modern books
(1) Rigveda was composed in an ancient from of Sanskrit. (1) Most of the modern books are either in English or in any other modern languages.
(2) The Rigveda contains hymns in praise of Gods and Goddesses. (2) The modern books can be on any  topic.
(3) Rigveda was initially not in written form. (3) Modern books are in written form.
(4) The vedas were memorised by students, and later passed on to the later generations by speaking, listening and then memorising . (4) Modern books are written so can be read by anyone anytime.
(5) The Rigveda includes more than a hundred hymns called Sukta. (5) Modern books does not contain so many hymns.

4.  What kind of evidence from burial do archaeologists use to find out
whether there were social difference among those who were buried.
Ans :
  Archaeologists think that objects found with a skeleton probably belonged to the dead person. Sometimes, more objects are found in one grave than in another.In Brahmagiri one skeleton was buried with 33 gold beads, 2 stone beads, 4 copper bangles, and one conch shell. Other skeletons have only a few pots. These finds suggest that there was some difference in status, among the people who were buried .Some were rich, others poor,some chief and other followers.

5.  In what ways do you think that the life of a Raja was different from that of a Dasa or Dasi.
Ans : 
A Raja was a independent person while a slave was not.A Raja commanded respect because of his powerful position but a slave must have been the subject of ridicule and pity, in most of the cases.

6.  Find out whether your school library has a collection of books on religion, and list the names of five books from this collection.
Ans :
  Do yourself with the help of your subject teacher and school librarian. A sample set of 5 such books are :
(1) The Bhagawat Geeta                   (2) The Bible
(3) The Ramayana                            (4) The Mahabharata
(5) The Quran

 7 Write down a short poem or song that you have memorised. Did you hear or read the poem or song. How did you learn it by heart.
Ans :
  (Do it yourself refer to an example)
A song which we have memorised is a song from film _______ , sung and written by legendary poet and singer ______ . We heard and saw this song in film ________ , 2 -3 times on T.V.Also during Independence day and republic day celebrations, this song is very often broad casted by All India Radio and even telecasted by Door Darshan on T.V .

8.  In The Rigveda, people were described in terms of the work they did and the language they spoke.
In the table given below, fill in the names of six people you know, choosing three men and three women. For each of them mention the work they do and the language they speak. Would you like to add anything else to the description.
Ans :  In The Rigveda people were described in term of the work they did and the language they spoke.This can be shown in the table below.

        Name       Work      Language               Anyting-else
(1) Teacher Teaching English Sometimes they act the scene with the help of the children
and also shows different pictures to teach.
(2) Air Hostess Serves in plain English/ Hindi Air hostesses review emergency and safety procedures prior to take off, which includes
demonstrating the use of any equipment.
(3) Sales girl in the shop Displays the goods in the shops and show
them to
Hindi Tries to sell the goods as quickly as possible.
(4) Doctor (male) Gives medical treatment Generally Hindi (or your local language) Examines the body parts, gives medicine and sometimes a dose of injection.
(5) Vegetable
seller (male)
Sells vegetables Hindi Use nagging and tries to give less weight
(6) Driver (male) Drives our car
Hindi Drops us to school, takes us to
any other place.