1.  Write the names of three vish or jana, as mentioned in the Rigveda.
Ans :
(1) Several vish or jana are mentioned by name in the Rigveda. The three names given in it are.
(2) The yadu jana or vish
(3) The Puru jana or vish
(4) The Bharata jana or vish.

2.  Why did the people of Rigveda fought battles.
Ans :
The people of Rigveda fought battles for the following :
(1) Battles were fought to capture cattle.
(2) Battles were also fought for land, which was important for posture, and for growing hard crops that ripened quickly, such as barley.
(3) Some battles were fought for water and to capture people.

3.  How was the obtained wealth used in the Rigveda period.
Ans :
The obtained wealth in the Rigveda period were used :
(1) Some wealth was kept by the leaders.
(2) Some was given to the priests.
(3) The rest wealth was distributed amongst the people.
(4) Some wealth was used for the performance of yajnas or sacrifices in which offerings were made into the fire. These were meant for Gods and Goddesses offerings could include ghee, grain and in some cases animals.

4.  How did the archaeologists find that there are burials.
Ans :
  Sometimes, archaeologists find a circle of stone boulders or a single large stone standing on the grounds. These are the only indications that there are burials beneath.

5.  Some burial spots were meant for certain families explain.
Ans :
  Sometimes, megaliths contain more than one skeleton.             
These indicate that people, perhaps belonging to the same family,
were buried in the same place through not at the same time.
The bodies of those who died later were brought into the grave through the port holes.
Stone circles or boulders placed on the surface probably served as signposts to find the burial site, so that people could return to the same place whenever they wanted to.


6.  What are the four Vedas.
Ans :
  The four Veda are the Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda.

Define the followings :

(1) Sukta    –  The hymns of the Rigveda were called ‘ Sukta’ means “well – said”.

(2) Aryas    –  The people who composed the hymns used the word ‘Aryas’ for themselves.

(3) Black and Red ware – The two distinctive pots with which the dead were buried, have been called the  Black.

(4) Dasa or Dasyus         The opponents of the ‘Aryas’ were referred to were referred to as ‘Dasas’ or Dasyus’ by them. These word came to mean slave.

(5) Brahmins                    The priest were referred to as the ‘Brahmins’ who performed various rituals.

(6) Megalith                    –    A stone Boulder used to mark burial sites is known as Megalith .

Fill in the blanks :

(1) The oldest veda is The Rigveda.

(2) Brahmagiri is a site in modern Andra Pradesh.

(3) “Brahmins” and “Rajas” were two groups of people in terms of work.

(4) The Rigveda is in Vedic Sanskrit.

(5) Inamgaon  is a site on the river Ghod, a tributary of the river Bhima.

Tick the correct answer :     

 (1) The Rigveda was been composed in the ___________  .

(1) South India                        (3) North west of the subcontinent    .
(2) Kashmir                              (4) South of the subcontinent

(2) The practice of erecting Megalthis began about __________ .

(1) 3000 years ago                (3) 2000 years ago
(2) 2700 years ago                    (4) 4700 years ago

(3) Slaves were women and men who were often __________ .

(1) Brahmins                              (3) Vaishya
(2) Captured in war               (4) Jana

(4) The manuscripts of the Rigveda, on birch bark, was found in _______ .

(1) Deccan                                      (3) North east
(2) South India                             (4) Kashmir 

(5) The oldest veda is the Rigveda, composed about __________ .

(1) 3000 years ago                   (3) 3500 years ago 
(2) 200 years ago                     (4) 150  years ago