1.  Match the following :

(a) Muvendar (1) Mahayana Buddism
(b) Lords of the dakshinapatha (2) Buddhacharita
(c) Ashvaghosha (3) Satavahana rulers
(d) Bodhisattvas (4) Chinese pilgrim
(e) Xuan Zang (5) Cholas, Cheras and
(6) Pandyas

Answers :
(a) – (5),       (b) – (3),      (c) – (2),      (d) – (1),        (e) – (6)

2.  Why did kings want to control the silk route.
Ans :
  Kings wanted to control the silk route because they could benefit from taxes, tributes and gifts that were brought by traders travelling along the route.

3.  What kinds of evidence do historians use to find out about trade and trade routes.
Ans :
  The historians used pots to find out about trade and trade routes. It showed where the pots were the pots were made and how it travelled to the different parts.

4.  What were the main features of Bhakti.
Ans :
  The main features of Bhakti are :
(1) A loving relationship between a devotee and his personal God.
(2) Bhakti emphasised devotion and individual worship of a God or Godess rather than performance of elaborate sacrifice .
(3) Discarding of any discrimination based on gender, caste or creed.
(4) If a devotee worships the chosen deity with a pure heart, the deity will appear in the form in which he or she may desire.

5.  Discuss the reasons why the Chinese pilgrims came to India.
Ans : 
The Chinese pilgrims who came to India were Fa Xian, Xuan Zang and I – Qing. They came to visit places associated with the life of the Buddha as well as famous monasteries. They came to learn about Buddha’s life and his teachings.

6.  Why do you think ordinary people were attracted to Bhakti.
Ans : 
The ordinary people were attracted to Bhakti because anybody, whether rich or poor, belonging to the so called ‘ high’ or ‘low’ castes, man or woman, could follow the path of Bhakti.

7.  List five things that you buy from the market. Which of these are made in the city/ village in which you live, and which are brought by traders from other areas.
Ans :
  Five things brought from the market are :
(1) Rice                                    (2) Vegetables
(3) Milk                                   (4) Books
(5) Clothes
-Among the above things, some vegetables, rice and clothes are brought by traders from other areas whereas the items of milk and books are available in the city.(Do this as per your locality with the help of your teacher)

8.  There are several major pilgrimages performed by people in India today. Find out about any one of them, and write a short description.
(Hint : who can go on the pilgrimage men. Women or children.How long does it take.How do people travel.What do they take with them. What do they do when they reach the holy places.Do they bring anything back with them) .
Ans :  Amarnath yatra is one of the most hazardous journey undertaken by the pilgrims. It is scared place for the Hindus Amarnath in Himalaya has natural Shiva linga made of ice.The journey is undertaken by people of all ages. It takes about 15 days from Delhi. The journey starts in the month of August part of the journey covered by train, other part of foot and riding on animals.The security forces have to protect the pilgrims from terrorist attacks. The pilgrims carry offerings and after bath they offer their prayers, they start on the return journey. The pilgrims bring ‘prasad’ which is distributed among the people back home.