A. Match the sentences under I with those under II

                        I

  1. Jumman and Algu were the best of friends.
  2. Jumman’s aunt transferred her property to him.
  3. The aunt decided to appeal to the panchayat.
  4. Algu was unwilling to support the aunt.
  5. Jumman was very happy to hear Algu’s name as head Panch.

                          II

  1. He believed that his friend would never go against him.
  2. She wanted justice.
  3. In the absence of one, the other took care of his family.
  4. The condition was that he would be responsible for her welfare.
  5. The bond of friendship between him and Jumman was very strong.

Answers:-

  1. Jumman and Algu were the best of friends---(3)in the absence of one, the other took care of his family.
  2. Jumman’s aunt transferred her property to him –(4)the condition was that he would be responsible for her welfare.
  3. The aunt decided to appeal to the panchayat --- (2) she wanted justice.
  4. Algu was unwilling to support the aunt --- (5) the bond of friendship between him and Jumman was very strong.
  5. Jumman was very happy to hear Algu’s name as head Panch --- (1) he believed that his friend would never go against him.

  B .Who says this to whom and why ?

  1. “My wife knows best how to run the house.”
  2. “But is it right, my son, to keep mum and not say what you consider just and fair?”
  3. “What have you to say in your defence?”
  4. “I can’t pay you a penny for the wretched beast you sold me.”
  5. “Victory to the panchayat. This is justice.”

Answers:

  1. “My wife knows best how to run the house.”

Jumman says this to his aunt because his aunt was asking for a monthly allowance.

  1. “But is it right, my son, to keep mum and not say what you consider just and fair?”

Jumman’s aunt says this to Algu because he was unwilling to support the aunt by going against Jumman.

  1. “What have you to say in your defence?”

Algu says this to Jumman when Algu is made a Panch by Jumman’s aunt. He said this because  he wanted to be impartial.

  1. “I can’t pay you a penny for the wretched beast you sold me.”

Sahu said this to Algu because the bullock that Algu had given to Sahu died within a month and Sahu had not paid Algu for the bullock.

  1. “Victory to the panchayat. This is justice.”

Algu shouts this to the people around when Jumman gives a fair judgement.

C .Answer the following questions:

  1. “Then the situation changed.” What is being referred to ?

Ans :  The situation here is Jumman and his family’s behavior towards his aunt. Jumman’s aunt had transferred her property in Jumman’s name on the promise that he would look after her.

  1. When Jumman’s aunt realized that she was not welcome in his house, what arrangement did she suggest?

Ans :  When Jumman’s aunt realized that she was not welcome in his house, she suggested that Jumman should give her a monthly allowance so that she could set up a separate kitchen.

  1. What was the villagers’ reaction when the aunt explained her case to them?

Ans :  When the aunt explained her case to the villagers , some sympathized with her, others laughed at her and a few others advised her to make it up with Jumman and his wife.

  1. Why was Jumman happy over Algu’s nomination as head Panch?

Ans :  Jumman was happy over Algu’s nomination as head Panch because Algu was his best friend and he thought that he would never go against him.

  1. “God lives in the heart of the Panch.” The aunt said. What did she mean?

Ans :  She meant that a Panch always stands for justice and would not let friendship come in the way of his judgement. All are equal before him. The justice delivered was the justice delivered by God.

  1. What was Algu’s verdict as head Panch? How did Jumman take it?

Ans :  Algu’s verdict as head Panch was that Jumman had to pay his aunt a monthly allowance or else the property would go back to her. Jumman felt betrayed and became Algu’s enemy.

  1. Algu found himself in a tight spot. What was his problem?

Ans :  One of Algu’s fine pair of bullocks died and he sold the other to Samjhu Sahu, on the understanding that Sahu would pay the price of the bullock in a month’s time. The bullock died within  a month and Sahu refused to pay Algu.

  1. Why was Algu upset over Jumman’s nomination as head Panch?

Ans :  Algu was upset because he was Jumman’s friend no more after Algu had given a verdict in favour of Jumman’s aunt . Jumman was Algu’s enemy and wanted revenge.

  1. What was Jumman’s verdict as head Panch? How did Algu take it?

Ans :  Jumman’s verdict as head Panch was that since the bullock  did not suffer from any disability or disease when Sahu boutght it, Algu could not be blamed for it. Though the death was unfortunate. So, Sahu had to pay Algu the price of the bullock. Algu was very happy when he heard the verdict. He stood up and shouted ,”Victory to the panchayat. This is justice. God lives in the heart of the Panch.”

  1. Which of the following sums up the story best?
    (i) “I also know that you will not kill your conscience for the sake of friendship.”
    (ii) “Let no one deviate from the path of justice and truth for friendship or enmity.”
    (iii) “The voice of the Panch is the voice of God.”

Give a reason for your choice:

Ans :  “Let no one deviate from the path of justice and truth for friendship or enmity.” Sums up the story best because Jumman and Algu gave verdict without keeping any friendship or enmity.

Working with language:

Replace  the italicized portion of each sentence below with a suitable phrase from the box. Make necessary changes, wherever required.

Look after:     swallow:    make it up:     keep  mum :     go into :     ease one’s conscience:

As ill luck would have it :    a tight spot :     take chances :    my heart sank.

1.The best way to avoid an unnecessary argument is to remain silent.

  1. Unfortunately, the train I was trying to catch was cancelled.
  2. He has been told not to take risks while driving a car through a crowded street.
  3. The patient needs to be properly taken care of.
  4. Why don’t the two of you end your quarrel by shaking hands?
  5. I was in a difficult situation till my friends came to my rescue.
  6. When I saw a pile of dirty dishes, I felt very disappointed.
  7. I will examine the matter carefully before commenting on it.
  8. They criticized him in the meeting but he accepted without protest all the criticism.
  9. It will free me from worry to know that I had done nothing wron.

Answers:

1.The best way to avoid an unnecessary argument is to remain silent.

Ans : The best way to avoid an unnecessary argument is to keep mum.

  1. Unfortunately, the train I was trying to catch was cancelled

Ans :  As ill luck would have it, the train I was trying to catch was cancelled.

  1. He has been told not to take risks while driving a car through a crowded street.

Ans :  He had been told not to take chances while driving a car through a crowded street.

  1. The patient needs to be properly taken care of.

Ans : The patient needs to be properly looked after.

5.Why don’t the two of you end your quarrel by shaking hands?

Ans : Why don’t the two of you make it up by shaking hands?

  1. I was in a difficult situation till my friends came to my rescue.

Ans : I was in a tight spot till my friends came to my rescue.

7.When I saw a pile of dirty dishes, I felt very disappointed.

Ans : When I saw a pile of dirty dishes, my heart sank.

  1. I will examine the matter carefully before commenting on it.

Ans : I will go into the matter carefully before commenting on it.

  1. They criticized him in the meeting but he accepted without protest all the criticism.

Ans :  They criticized him in the meeting but he swallowed all the criticism.

  1. It will free me from worry to know that I had done nothing wrong.

Ans :  It will ease my conscience to know that I had done nothing wrong.

B.  Look at the following phrases and their meanings. Use the phrases to fill in the blanks in the sentences given below:-

Set up ----  put in place or start.

Set aside ---  save or keep for a particular purpose

Set down ---   write or record

Set out – start on a journey.

Set in ----  begin and seem likely to continue

  1. Why don’t you ------ your ideas on paper?
  2. A fund has been ---- for the soldiers’ families.
  3. We should ------ a little money every month.
  4. You should buy  some woollens before winter ------.
  5. They -----  on the last stage of their journey.

Answers:

  1. Set down     Set up     3. Set aside    4.  Sets in    5.  Set out

Speaking and writing:

A.Look at the following pictures. One asks a question, the other answers it. Then the answer is noted in a form as shown below:-

Question :- Do you like to meet people?

Answer:- Yes, I do but not always. I do have some close friends, though

 

Now write it in the form:

Questions:- Do you like to meet people?

Yes /  No :-  Yes, I  do but not always.

Additional response:-  I do have some close friends though.

Questions:- Do you like the area you live in?

Yes / No:-    No , I don’t.

Additional response:-  But I have no choice.

B. Work in small groups. Ask your partner the questions given below. If possible, ask hi / her a reason for saying Yes / No. Then tick Yes / No whichever is proper.

  1. Do you have a separate room for sleep and study? Yes / No(√).
  2. Would you prefer to live in a joint family? (√)Yes /  No.
  3. Do you get on with people? Yes / No(√).
  4. Do you like the area you live in? (√) Yes /  No.
  5. Do you find the place overcrowded? Yes /  No (√).
  6. Do you use public transport? Yes / No(√).
  7. Would you like a vehicle of our own? (√) Yes /  No.
  8. Do you like reading? (√) Yes / No
  9. Would you like to be a teacher / doctor/ engineer / architect? (√)Yes /  No.

    C. Now that you have completed the above project, write a brief report stating what you did, how you did it and the conclusion.

Ans:- My friend answered all the above questions in an easy manner. He said that he already has a  separate room for sleep and study. He likes to live in a joint family as he can play with all his cousins. He likes the locality as he has a lot of friends living there. He loves travelling by bus.  He wants to become a doctor and serve the poor.

Dictation

Your teacher will speak the words listed below. Write against each a word of opposite meaning :- Example liquid—solid :       hard ---- soft.

  1. Old ------                         i) -------
  2. Wet ------                        ii) ---------
  3. Open  -----                     iii) --------
  4. Blunt -----                     iv) -----------
  5. Forget  -----                   v) ------------

Answers:

  1. Old                                   i)  new
  2. Wet                                  ii) dry
  3. Open                               iii) shut
  4. Blunt                               iv) sharp
  5. Forget                              v)  remember