TEXT QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS:

Q 1. Why did the neighbours kill the dog?

Ans. The greedy neighbours heard about the good luck brought to the couple by the dog. They became jealous, they coaxed the dog into their garden, in the hope that he should find a buried treasure for them.The dog scratched and pawed the ground under a pine tree. Immediately they started digging the ground but found nothing except a dead kitten. They became furious and beat the dog to death and flung him into the hole.

Q 2.  Mark the right item.

i) The old farmer and his wife loved the dog
a) because it helped them in their day-to-day work.
b) as if it was their own baby.
c) as they were kind to all human beings.

ii) When the old couple became rich, they
a) gave the dog better food.
b) invited their greedy neighbours to a feast.
c Lived comfortably and were generous towards their poor neighbours.

iii The greedy couple borrowed the mill and the mortar to make
a) rice pastry and bean sauce.
b) magic ash to win rewards.
c) a pile of gold.

Ans.     Answers

i) The old farmer and his wife loved the dog as if it was their own baby.
ii) When the old couple became rich, they lived comfortably and were generous towards their poor neighbours.
iii) The greedy couple borrowed the mill and the mortar to make  a pile of gold.

Working with the text:

Answer the following questions:-

Q  1.  The old farmer is a kind person. What evidence of his kindness do you find in the first two paragraphs?

Ans.  In the first paragraph the old farmer treated the dog like his own child. He would feed the dog small pieces of fish with their chopsticks and boiled rice. In the second paragraph it says about the old farmer providing food to the birds outside . Both these instances show that the old farmer was a kind person.

Q 2  What did the dog do to lead the farmer to the hidden gold?

Ans.  The dog came running towards the farmer. It kept its paws against his legs and with its head it kept on directing towards a spot behind him. The old farmer initially ignored the dog, but it kept on whining and running to and fro until the farmer followed it to the spot.

Q 3 i) How did the spirit of the dog help the farmer first?
        ii) How did it help him next?

Ans. i) The spirit of the dog came in the farmer’s dream and first asked him to chop the pine tree and make mortar and hand mill out of it. With the mortar and mill it gave the farmer heaps of gold.

ii) The dog’s spirit came again in the farmer’s dream for the second time and told the farmer to collect the ash of the mortar and the mill and sprinkle it on the withered trees and they will blossom. The farmer did this in front of the landlord and was awarded with lavish gifts.

Q4.Why did the daimio reward the farmer but punish his neighbour for the same act?

Ans. The farmer had sprinkled the ash over the  withered cherry tree and it blossomed so Daimio was pleased seeing the miracle and rewarded the farmer. His neighbor poured the ash over the withered cherry tree  but nothing happened to the tree. Fine particles from the ash entered the eyes of the Daimio and his wife. They began to sneeze and cough. This spoilt their day of celebration. So the neighbour was punished by a man of the Daimio.

Working with language.

  1. Read the following conversation.

Ravi   : What are you doing?

Mridu : I’m reading a book.

Ravi   : Who wrote it?

Mridu : Ruskin Bond.

Ravi   : Where did you find it?

Mridu : In the library.

Notice that ‘what’ ‘who’ ‘where’ are question words. Questions that require information begin with question words. Some of the question words are ‘when’  ‘why’  ‘where’  ‘which’ and ‘how’

Remember that

i) What asks about actions, things ‘etc
ii) Who asks about people.
iii) Which asks about people or things.
iv) Where asks about place.
v) When asks about time.
vi) Why asks about reason or purpose.
vii) How asks about means, manner or degree.
viii) Whose asks about possessions.

Answers

Anil is in school. I am in school, too. Anil is sitting in the left row. He is reading a book. Anil’s friend is sitting in the second row. He is sharpening his pencil. The teacher is writing on the blackboard. Children are writing in their copybooks. Some children are looking out of the window.

Framed  Questions:

i) Where is Anil?
ii) Which row is he sitting in?
iii) What is he doing?
iv) Where is Anil’s friend sitting?
v) What is his friend doing?
vi) Who is writing on the blackboard?
v) What are some children doing?

  1. Write appropriate question words in the blank spaces in the following dialogue:-

Neha : ----- did you get this book?

Sheela  :  Yesterday morning.

Neha : ------- is your sister crying?

Sheela : Because she has lost her doll.

Neha : ----- room is this, yours or hers?

Sheela : It’s ours.

Neha : ------ do you go to school?

Sheela : We walk to school. It is near by.

Answers

Neha :When did you get this book?
Sheela : Yesterday morning.

Neha :Why is your sister crying?
Sheela :  Because she has lost her doll.

Neha :Whose room is this, yours or hers?
Sheela : It’s ours.

Neha :How do you go to school?
Sheela ; We walk to school. It is near by.

  1. Fill in the blanks with the words given below:-

How      what     when    where   which.

i) My friend lost his chemistry book. Now he doesn’t know ------ to do and ------ to look for it.
ii) There are so many toys in the shops. Neena can’t decide ---- one to buy.
iii) You don’t know the way to my school. Ask the policeman --- to get there.
iv) You should decide soon ----- to start building your house.
v) Do you know ---- to ride a bicycle? I don’t remember ----- and ----- I learnt it.
vi) “You should know ----- to talk and ----- to keep your mouth shut,” the teacher advised Anil.

Answers

i) My friend lost his chemistry book. Now he doesn’t know what to do and where to look for it.
ii) There are so many toys in the shops. Neena can’t decide which  one to buy.
iii) You don’t know the way to my school. Ask the policeman how to get there.
iv) You should decide soon when to start building your house.
v) Do you know how to ride a bicycle? I don’t remember  when and where I learnt it.
vi) “You should know when to talk and where to keep your mouth shut,” the teacher             advised Anil.

Q 4. Add 'im'  or' in ' to each of the following words and use them in place of the italicized words in the sentence given below:-

Patient, proper,  possible, sensitive ,  competent

i) The project appears very difficult at first sight but it can be completed if we work hard.
ii) He lacks competence . That’s why he can’t keep any job for more than a year.
iii) “ Don’t lose patience. Your letter will come one day,” the postman told me.
iv) That’s not a proper remark to make under the circumstances.
v) He appears to be without sensitivity. In fact, he is very emotional.

Answers:-

i) The project appears impossible at first sight but it can be completed  if we work very hard.
ii) He is incompetent. That’s why he can’t keep any job for more than a year.
iii) “Don’t be impatient your letter will come one day,” the postman told me.
iv) That’s an improper remark to make under the circumstances.
v) He appears to be insensitive . In fact, he is very emotional.

5.Read the following sentences:-

It was a cold morning and stars still glowed in the sky. An old man was walking along the road.

The words in italics are articles. ‘a’ and ‘an’ are indefinite articles and ‘the’ is the definite article.

‘a’  is used before a singular countable noun.

‘an’  is used before a word that begins with a vowel. ( a,  e,  i,  o,  u)  example :-  a boy, a mango, an actor, an apple , an hour , an university.

Use  a, an   or    the   in the blanks:- 

There was once  --- play which became very successful. --- famous actor was acting in it. In ---- play his role was that of ------ aristocrat who had been imprisoned in ---- castle for twenty years. In ---- last act of --- play someone would come on ----- stage with ---- letter which he would hand over to ---- prisoner. Even though ---- aristocrat was not expected to read ---- letter at each performance, he always insisted that ---- letter be written out from beginning to end.

Answers

There was once  a play which became very successful. A famous actor was acting in it. In  the play his role was that of an aristocrat who had been imprisoned in a castle for twenty years. In the last act of the play someone would come on the stage with a letter which he would hand over to the prisoner. Even though  the aristocrat was not expected to read the letter at each performance, he always insisted that the letter be written out from beginning to end.

  1. Underline the correct article:-

Example :-Nina was looking for ( a / the) job. After many interviews she got ( a / the ) job she was looking for.

A : Would you like ( a / an / the) apple or ( a / an / the ) banana?

B : I’d like ( a / an / the ) apple, please.

A: Take   ( a /an / the) red one in ( a / an / the) fruit bowl. You may take  ( a / an / the) orange also, if you like.

B :  Which one?

A: ( a / an  / The ) one beside  ( a / an / the) banana.

  1. Put each of the following in the correct order.Then use them appropriately to fill the blanks in the paragraph that follows. Use correct punctuation marks;-
  • English and Hindi / both / in/ he writes
  • And only / a few short stories /many books in English / in Hindi.
  • Is / my Hindi / than my English / much better.

Ravi Kant is a writer and --------------. Of course , he is much happy writing in English than in Hindi. He has  written -------.I find his books a little hard to understand ---------.

Answers:

Ravi Kant is a writer and he writes both in English and Hindi. Of course, he is much happy writing in English than in Hindi. He has written many books in English and only a few short stories in Hindi. I find his books a little hard to understand as my Hindi is much better than my English.