3.2  Text Questions :

 Answer the following questions in one sentences :

1.  What are elections?
Ans: A mechanism by which people choose their representatives at regular intervals and change them as they wish is called as an election.

2.  Name the two houses of Parliament?
The two houses of the Parliament are the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

3.  What is the term of Lok Sabha?
The term of the Lok Sabha is 5 years .

4.  Where is Parliament situated in India?
The Parliament  is situated at Delhi in India .

5.  What is the government at state level called?
The government at state level is called the Vidhan Sabha  .

6.  What are general elections?
The elections held in all the constituencies at the same time either on the same day or within a few days are called as general elections.

7.  What are by elections?
Elections held for a constituency to fill the vacancy caused due to death or resignation of  a candidate is called as by elections.

8.  What are electoral constituencies?
The country is divided into different areas for the purpose of elections. These are called electoral constituencies.

9.  Into how many constituencies is our country divided for the Lok Sabha?
Our country  is divided for the into 543 Constituencies for the Lok Sabha.

10.  What is the important feature of a democratic election?
The important feature of a democratic election is that every vote should have an equal value.

11.  Who is an MP ?
The Member of  the Parliament is called an M.P.

12.  Who is an M.L.A?
The Member of the Legislative Assembly is called as a M.L.A.

13.  Name the local rural bodies?
The local rural bodies are the Panchayats and the Municipalities.

14.  Why did the maker of our constitution include reserved seats for the weaker sections and women?
Ans: The maker of our constitution included reserved seats for the weaker sections and women because they have  a better chance of getting elected.

15.  What does OBC stands for?
OBC stands for Other Backward Classes.

16.  What does the voters list officially called?
Electoral roll.

17.  When does a complete revision of the voter list takes place?
After every 5 years.

18.  Who can be denied right to vote?
Some criminals and persons with unsound mind.

19.  What is EPIC?
EPIC Means Election Photo identity Card.

20.  What is the minimum age to be a candidate for election?
The minimum age to be a candidate for election is 25 years .

21.  What is election day?
The day in which voters go to cast their vote is called as the election day.

22.  Where do voters go to cast their vote?
The voters go to the polling booth to cast their vote.

23.  What is the full form of EVM?
The full form of EVM is Electronic Voting Machine.

24.  What is shown on an EVM?
The names of the candidates and their symbols is shown on an EVM.

25.  Who appoints chief election Commissioner?
The  President appoints the chief election Commissioner.

26.  How do we come to know the election result?
We come to know the election result through the media, newspaper, radio and television.

27.  Why do we need elections?
We need elections as we need people to take decisions and to make laws for the country.

 Answer the following in two or three sentences :

1.  Write any 2 choices the voters make in an election?

i) They can choose the law makers.
ii) They can choose who will form government and take decisions.

2.  How do Panchayat and Municipal elections take place?

i) Each village or town is divided into several wards.
ii) Each ward elects one member of the village or the local urban body.

3.  How has the constitution made sure the voice of a significant section of our population is secure?

i) Some seats in the Parliament and the local bodies are reserved for Schedule caste, Schedule tribe and the OBC (other backward class) .
ii) Similarly one third of the seats are reserved for women.

4.  What takes place on an election day?

i) Every person whose name is on the voters list go to the voting booth.
ii) The election officers identify them, put a mark or their finger and allow them to vote.

5.  What takes place once polling is over?

i) The EVM  (Electronic voter machine) are sealed.
ii)Then  on  a fixed day they are opened and the votes are counted.
iii) The candidate who secures the highest number of votes is elected.

6.  What is the Code of Conduct for election Campaigns?

i) No party or candidate can use a place of worship for election propaganda.
ii) They cannot use government vehicles, aircraft’s and officials for elections.