3.2  Text Questions And Answers :

I.   Fill in the blanks :

(1) The number of Judges in the supreme court besides the chief Justice  as 15.

(2)  The Judges of the supreme court are appointed by the President.

(3)  The Judges of supreme court retire at the age of 65.

(4)  The Judges of the High court are appointed by the President.

II .    Answer in one sentence :

(1)  Which court occupy the lowest rank?
Ans :
Subordinate court lower.

(2)  What is court Jurisdiction?
Ans :
Means the Supreme court is the guardian of the liberties and Fundamental Rights of the citizen of India.

(3)  What is the court of Record?
Ans :
Supreme court is the Court of Record.

III.    Write brief answers of the following :

(1)  What is the composition of the Supreme Court?
Ans :
Not more than 25.

(2)  What is advisory Jurisdiction of the Supreme court.
Ans :

(1) The President can seek advice of the supreme court on important questions of law or fact.
(2) It is not binding on president.

(3)  What is judicial review .
Ans :

i) If the supreme court discovers that there are some new facts or evidences or if it satisfied that some mistake or error took place in its previous decisions .
ii) This is done when a review petition is filed such review is done by a higher court than the one that originally decided the case .

IV.  Answer the following briefly :

(1)  What are the qualification of a Judge of the supreme court.
Ans :

(1) He shall be a citizen of India
(2) He shall have at least five years of experience as a judge of a High court.
(3) He shall have at least ten years as an advocate of High court.

(2)  How can a Judge of the Supreme Court are removed.
Ans :

(1) A Judge of the Supreme Court can be removed from his position only on the ground of proved misbehaviour or in capacity.
(2) He can be removed from his office by an order of the president passed after address from each House of parliament, supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than 2rd of the members present and voting .

(3)  What is the original Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
Ans :
Supreme Courts exclusive original Jurisdiction covers all legal disputes :
(1) Between the government of India and one or more states.
(2) Between the government of India any state or states on the one side and one or more other states on the other .
(3) Between two or more states.

(4)  How are the subordinate courts in a district organised.
Ans :

(1) In each district of India there are various types of subordinate or lower courts.
(2) They are civil courts, criminal courts and revenue courts.

V.   Write brief answers of the following :

(1)  Why is supreme court called the guardian of Indian constitution and a protector of fundamental rights.
Ans :

(1) The supreme court is the guardian of the liberties and fundamental rights of the citizens of India.
(2) Secondly the Supreme Court has been given special power, under article 32 for the enforcement of fundamental Rights enumerated in part III of the constitution.
(3) Supreme court has power to issue directions or writes such as “ Habeas Corpus”, “ Mandamus” , “Prohibition”, “ Quo Warranto” and “Certiorari”.

(2)  State the provisions in the Indian constitution ensuring independence of Judiciary.
Ans :

(1) If the supreme court discover that there are mistake in its precious decision it has power to review the case and at alter its early decision.
(2) This is done when review petition is field.